Saudi Founding Day – A Brief History
Annual holiday pays tribute to the founding of the first Saudi state some three centuries ago.
King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, issued a Royal Decree to commemorate the founding day annually on February 22, which represents the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s deep historical, civilizational, and cultural roots when Imam Muhammad bin Saud established the first Saudi state in 1139 AH/1727 CE.
What is the Founding Day?
It is a national occasion to commemorate the founding of the Saudi State by Imam Muhammad bin Saud three centuries ago, as the Imam established a political entity that achieved unity, stability, and prosperity. On that day, Diriyah became the capital of the first Saudi State.
Why do we celebrate Saudi Founding Day?
The Founding Day commemorates the three centuries of the existence of the Saudi State, highlighting its historical and civilizational depth, celebrating its diverse cultural heritage, and expressing devotion to the imams, kings, and citizens who serve the nation.
Why February 22?
Imam Muhammad bin Saud assumed power in Diriyah in the second half of the year 1139 AH. Therefore, Jumada II 30, 1139 AH (Feb. 22, 1727 CE) had been selected as the date for the founding of the first Saudi State.
What is the difference between Founding Day and National Day?
The Founding Day, Feb. 22, 1727 CE, is the day for the founding of the first Saudi State (the founder, Imam Muhammad bin Saud). However, the National Day, Sept. 23, 1932 CE, is the day for the declaration of Saudi Arabia’s unification at the hands of King Abdulaziz bin Abdul Rahman Al Faisal Al Saud, may Allah rest his soul.
Founding Day objectives
• Honor the solid roots of the Saudi state.
• Honor the strong bond between citizens and their leadership.
• Honor the accomplishments of the Saudi state in terms of unity, stability, and security.
• Honor the first Saudi state’s resilience and defense against enemies.
• Honor the continuity of the Saudi state and the restoration of its roots and leadership.
• Honor the national unity of Saudi Arabia, which King Abdulaziz bin Abdul Rahman Al Faisal Al Saud established.
• Honor the kings’ — King Abdulaziz’s sons’ — achievements in promoting unity and development.